Sunday, July 14, 2024

The History of Taliban

The History of Taliban start in 1994. Taliban is a word of Pashto language which means student. The Taliban group come into existence in 1994 in Afghanistan. Mullah Mohammad Umar is the founder of the group. At the staring time, only 50 people was in the group and within few months this group increased at 15,000 members, which reached at 200,000 people in 2001.

Taliban refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan that is a Deobandi Islamist movement group and religious military organization in Afghanistan

The early Taliban were inspired by the pain of the Afghan people, which their thought was created by power conflicts between Afghan parties that did not apply to Islam’s moral code. They had been educated a faith in rigorous Islamic rule in their religious schools.

The Taliban ruled over about three-quarters of Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 and they implementing a rigid implementation of Sharia and Islamic law in Afghanistan.

The Taliban started in 1994 as one of the most significant groups in the Afghan Civil War. They consisting primarily of Taliban from Pashtun districts of eastern and southern Afghanistan who had been trained in Muslim Religious schools and participated during the Soviet–Afghan War.

The movement expanded throughout the Afghanistan under  supervision of Mohammed and take control from the Mujahideen commanders. In 1996, the authoritarian Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was founded and the capital of Afghanistan was relocated to Kandahar.

It controlled most of the country until it was removed in December 2001, following the American-led invasion of Afghanistan in response to the September 11 attack which referred as 9/11.

The September 11 attacks, sometimes known as 9/11, were an attacks by the Islamic terrorist strikes on the United States carried out by the Wahhabi Islamist terrorist group Al-Qaeda on the morning of September 11, 2001 at North tower of the World Trade Center.

Later, the group reformed as a resistance movement to oppose the US-backed Karzai government and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan’s war.

Others saw Islamabad’s movement away from conflict and toward diplomacy as an attempt to calm growing anger. Mullah Dadullah’s killing in May 2007 had little impact due to the command structure of Taliban.

Asia Times Online published in December 2009 that the Taliban had promised the US “legal guarantees” that Afghanistan will not be used for operations on other nations, but that the United states rejected.

As of July 2016, united States New York Times approximated that the Taliban controlled 20% of Afghanistan, with southernmost Helmand Province as their stronghold,[255], while United states worldwide Resolute Support alliance commander General Nicholson mentioned in December 2016 that 10% of Afghanistan was under Taliban rule and the the remaining 26% disputed between the Afghan government and the Taliban.

The Taliban killed approximately 50 people in Kabul on August 7, 2015. In response to speech of United States President Donald Trump in August 2017, a Taliban spokesman said that the Taliban will maintain fighting to free Afghanistan from “American army.”

In January 2018, a Taliban suicide attacker set off bombs in an ambulance in Kabul, killing over 100 people.

Also read: Afghanistan required strong relationship with Pakistan: Ahmad Shah Massoud

During the withdrawal of US soldiers from Afghanistan in mid-2021, the Taliban staged a significant offensive in Afghanistan, getting control of over 50% at July 23, 2021.

The major stage in the history of Taliban in 2021 when Taliban take control on every major city in Afghanistan by mid-August 2021 and the they occupied the Presidential Palace when incumbent President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan to Tajikistan on August 15, 2021. The Taliban take full control on Afghanstan since 15 August, 2021.