The Budapest Zoo & Botanical Garden, which opened in 1866, is Hungary’s oldest and largest zoo park. It was the country’s only zoo park until the 1950s. In 1986, its 11-hectare tract was designated as a natural preservation area. There are 3,500 plant species and 750 animal species in the park, with 5,000 specimens. In 1990, a substantial restoration began, and nearly all species now have their own contemporary, roomy habitat.
The Elephant House and the main building to the Zoo, both created in the Art Nouveau style, are two of the most prominent works of art on the Zoo’s property. The Budapest Zoo & Botanical Garden features a particular section for youngsters where cubs of various species can be diddled and given special food.
Signs in Braille are also available, as well as touchable statuettes for the blind. Wheelchairs are welcome on the roadways and in the animal enclosures.
A zoo, sometimes known as a zoological garden or a zoological park, is a place where wild and tamed animals are held in cages. Animals can often receive more critical care at such a facility than they can in national parks or shelters. Most long established zoos have general animal populations, but some newer zoos specialise in specific animal groupings, such as primates, big cats, tropical birds, or ducks. Aquariums are common places for marine invertebrates, fish, and marine mammals to be housed separately. The term zoo was first used as a popular acronym for a zoological garden in the late 1800s.
Although the exact date of the first zoos is unknown, it is believed that they coincided with the first attempts at domesticating animals. Pigeons were kept in captive in what is now Iraq as soon as 4500 BCE, while elephants were semidomesticated in India 2,000 years later. On Egyptian tomb paintings from 2500 BCE at aqqrah, antelopes such as the addax, ibex, oryx, and gazelle are seen wearing collars. In China, empress Tanki, who reigned around 1150 BCE, constructed a massive marble “house of deer,” and Wen Wang, who ruled just before 1000 BCE, developed a 1,500-acre zoo known as the Ling-Yu, or Garden of Intellect.